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I believe there is something to each theory of gender except for maximalist views, for we are indeed animals, evolved from apes, with a brain structure so similar to rats, that a lot of neuroscience is based on the study of rat brains in relation to the human brain. However, humans seem to be different then other animals because our brains allow for advanced linguistic ability, memory, and cognition. 

Though I think there’s something to each theory, I would have to label myself a minimalist. I believe that both sexes can achieve the same intellectual ability no matter what they put their mind to… for example science. Science is lacking worldwide in the number of women scientists, but I believe this is the case mostly because of social constructs of reality rather than any innate ability of male and female brains.

An example of a minimalist perspective would be the L’Oréal-UNESCO’s For Women in Science program. It is “an international programme which recognizes the achievements and contributions of exceptional females across the globe, by awarding promising scientists with Fellowships to help further their research.” ( womeninscience.co.uk) The program is put together by L’Oréal, the cosmetic corporation, and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).  It is considered the “nobel prize for women” and awards 5 women, one from each continent $100,000 for their “groundbreaking achievements and contributions to scientific progress”(womeninscience). 

According to Newscientist Magazine women make up only ¼ of research scientists.  The newscientist website lists women who are and have been major contributors to science, including Rosalind Franklin who is said to be the person who really discovered the structure of DNA, Jane Goodall who found that chimpanzees are omnivores and are capable of using tools. The article goes on to list 14 other female scientists who were outstanding in their scientific research.  A great example of a minimalist perspective is what the article has to say about Dian Fossey; “She is portrayed as eccentric and difficult, features that in male scientists are thought endearing but which in women are regarded as evidence of mental instability.”  This is an example of attitudes towards women in science which clearly come from society, or “nurture,” rather then “nature” or the essentialist view.  I believe when it comes to intelligence, theories like essentialism, functionalism, and early behaviorism, falls apart completely, surpassing minimalism in thier insignificance.

There are many reasons why women have been left behind in research science, but it is clear that these reasons stem from society and nurture, not from some innate flaw in women’s brains.  With time women will hopefully equal men in numbers when it comes to research science, and this needs to happen because research science is no place for discrimination and the world needs more scientists as it is.

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someone then posted this graph saying that the graph below may show that woemen with PhDs will increase the number of female scientists.
Proportion of 18-to-24-Year-Old Men and
Women Enrolled in College, 1967-2005

ok>

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my responce

I think that as more women get PhDs, more women will get hired as scientists, but one quarter is a grim number... also, there's the problem of women not getting paid as much as men. This article from Wired also shows that some colleges have less senior professors who are female compared to male. This information packed article from Nature shows how there is "A persistent problem. Traditional gender roles hold back female scientists."  So even if women are recieving more PhDs society has to also look at the prolem of "gender roles" and the issue of males being discrimatory towards females in the professional scientific arena.


http://www.nature.com/embor/journal/v8/n11/images/7401109-t2.jpg





http://www.nature.com/embor/journal/v8/n11/images/7401109-t3.jpg
http://www.nature.com/embor/journal/v8/n11/fig_tab/7401109_t3.html

Post 1
In Chapter three of Amstutz, he talks about realism, idealism, and principled realism. Amstutz calls Realism “the oldest ethical tradition relevant to international relations,” for it dates back to the ancient Greeks. According to Wikipedia, Hans Morgenthau, who fled from Spain and Switzerland from the Nazis, views all politics as a “struggle for power.” His writing was of course influenced by his experience with Nazism, which gave Hans a bleak view of state power, claiming that, because there is no international authority, a state which doesn’t take power seriously will end up the victim of the states which do take power seriously. 
I think realism gives the international arena Social Darwinism feel, where nation-states are just out to seek power, and the ones who do not seek power the most are left behind. I think this how the world looks today, with international capitalism holding back many nations from this so-called nation-state power structure. I will not argue whether or not capitalism is to blame for this in this paper, but will remain on topic in critiquing the theories. 


Idealism is by far my favorite political theory in this section especially the idea of a global federation. It may suggest the idea of a utopian world government, but it also stresses the idea of autonomous states being part of a federation. Over the years I have been involved in political activism and during this long hard road of figuring out politically exactly where I stood, rather I was a liberal, a progressive democrat, an anarchist, a Marxist socialist, a social capitalist, or a Libertarian Socialist/Anarcho Syndicalism, I finally made up my mind, choosing the later. Noam Chomsky is also a Libertarian Socialist/Anarcho Syndicalist, and I think that Idealism has a lot of resemblance to LS, but on the international scale, it would suggest that a federation of nation-state-worker-unions would be at the heart of making international decisions. 


The very idea of a nation-state, today at least, gives the illusion that as a world we must be broken up into sections called countries where the very idea of realism can run into problems when cultures and countries collide and compete, leading to war. Today we have Americans losing their jobs to people who work in sweatshops over seas, and it makes the most sense to me, that an alliance, called worker solidarity, even with workers across the world makes a lot of sense, and perhaps we will see the advent of this as time goes on and the internet and communications increases. 


While it makes a lot of sense to me, I also understand why people would take a more conservative realist stance on international relations, mainly because cooperation among nation-states is hard to come by, and the political arena in which we all grew up in is saturated in war, competition, greed, and patriotism. However, the idea that we are all humans and we all deserve the right to have a peaceful and just life is at the heart of idealism, but the spreading of such ideals is hard to do without massive conflict, economically and socially. 


Post 2
Iraq Discussion
While Suddam Hussain was a horrible person who of course shouldn’t have been the leader of any nation, it was the case that he was so power hungry that he would not work with Osama bin Laden. It is said that he was actually afraid of organizations like al qaeda because they posed the threat to his regime. The man really was all about himself. 

The death toll is said to be between 500,000 and 1 million Iraqis since the beginning of the war, and about 3500 American deaths with over 31,327 Americans wounded. Saudi Arabia is building a 560 mile fence to keep out Iraqi refugees (Mother Jones) The cost of the war is said to be between $694 billion and 1 trillion dollars.

From the “Iraq War Quiz” by Stephen Shalom, he notes that “Patriotism means emulating Dick Cheney, who serves as Vice-President while receiving $100,000-$1,000,000 a year from Halliburton, the multi-billion dollar company which is already lining up for major contracts in post-war Iraq.” That was back in 2003, and as we know Halliburton did end up with a lot of contracts in Iraq. Shalom uses the word “Patriotism” because, if you remember back to 2002 and 2003 we were supposed to be patriotic as in supporting the administration at the time, and of course we were supposed to keep shopping to help the economy and not let the terrorists win because of 9/11. The Bush administration even exploited 9/11 to lie to the American people as an excuse to invade Iraq.  
"The danger is already significant and it only grows worse with time," Bush said in the speech delivered October 7, 2002. "If we know Saddam Hussein has dangerous weapons today -- and we do -- does it make any sense for the world to wait to confront him as he grows even stronger and develops even more dangerous weapons?"
Speaking on the campaign trail in 2004, Bush maintained that the war was the right thing to do and that Iraq stood out as a place where terrorists might get weapons of mass destruction.
"There was a risk, a real risk, that Saddam Hussein would pass weapons or materials or information to terrorist networks, and in the world after September the 11th, that was a risk we could not afford to take," Bush said.
I think it was a huge mistake taking over Iraq the way we did. We violated international law, killed tens of thousands of people, spent way too much money, and made the situation in Iraq worse then before we went in. The people of Iraq are not “liberated,” nor are they better off today. We could have spent the money on so many other important projects, like fixing our own problems here in the U.S. or have used it for humanitarian aid, scientific research, etc. My own personal account of the war started back in 2002 when the Bush administration was starting to talk about attacking Iraq. I went to a small meeting at Yale University where the speakers declared that Iraq had no weapons of mass destruction, that the war would cost a few hundred billion dollars, and that the Iraqi people wouldn’t except their country being occupied by American’s. Nearly everything that was said that day came true, unfortunately, but it was strange for me to have gone to meetings of that sort, where people who just got back from Iraq were speaking about how nothing is going on over there, to hearing the opposite on the TV. I believed the people who traveled to Iraq and back over the media. I also participated in pre-war protests, and many protests after the war started. The protests themselves did little to stop the war, and I am still rather confused as to what will come from all those protests, all the opposition to the war, how history will be written, but I believe the protests were the right thing to do, but in the end mostly helped educate the people who were involved in them instead of making any difference in the Bush Administrations policies. The war continues, and so do the protests, so the only healing which can be done as this point will be from time.

http://www.cnn.com/2004/WORLD/meast/10/06/iraq.wmd.report/
http://www.antiwar.com/casualties/
http://www.zmag.org/znet/viewArticle/10703
http://www.zmag.org/zvideo/2728
http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2007/03/pop-quiz
http://media.www.matc-clarion.com/media/storage/paper1324/news/2009/04/15/News/Cost-Of.Iraq.War.Will.Exceed.The.Amount.Spent.On.Vietnam-3717929.shtml

 

Post 3
Amstutz talks about the implications of “low-intensity conflict” and the “war on terror.” Post 9/11 war is different on many fronts, for example, it’s nothing like the cold war, where you had two nations with the military capacity to possibility end life as we know it on earth, ready 24/7 to defend there nation with the most powerful weapons ever developed. 

But something else was going on during the cold war, a war between ideology between America and Russia, along with the aiding and funding of developing countries, many times giving fundamentalist ethnonationalistic groups money and weapons. 9/11 was partly a result of the funding of the cold war error of militias and fundamentalist groups. But according to the bush administration, even though we funded a lot of these groups, we are now in a war “against terror.” This involves on the ground intelligence, surveillance of the internet, bombing of “terrorist camps”, insurgency, and guerilla warfare. 

The use of torture is disputed, because countries that engage in torture get “short term” results which sometimes does not really work, contrary to popular belief. Torture is also against a lot of nations “constitutions” and in some cases against international law. Victim’s of torture may just give in and give the wrong information so that the torture would stop, messing up intelligence and leaving the innocent victim scared for life, and probably along the lines of PTSD.

The section on Targeted Killing is interesting to me because it says “The U.S. Army’s Lieber Code of 1863, which provides one of the earliest American documents setting forth norms governing war, condemned the assassination of enemies, viewing such killing as a relapse into barbarism” The international community also has agreed that TK is wrong, though Amstutz points out that Israel still uses it against “militants” in Palestine.  The international community seems to thing that its ok if can reduce terrorism. I think that over the years as I saw on the news and on the internet so called terrorist leaders of Palestine being targeted by Israel I couldn’t help but notice the collateral damage. It’s a tough situation between Israel and Palestine which I wont get into here, but I do think its wrong to use these missile attacks on people in Gaza or the West Bank because of the collateral damage, and also, Palestine doesn’t have the resources even if it wanted to, to do the same thing to Israel, because they can rightly call such attacks illegal and unjust.

 

Post 4


The Genocide in the Congo is said to have killed up to 4 million people. The U.N. peace keepers were the only international forces involved in this war/genocide. I believe that the U.S. instead of going to Iraq could have helped out with the peace keeping (“A member of a military force engaging in peacekeeping activities, often under international sanction.”) (dictionary.com) mission in the Congo. However this isn’t really about how the U.S. could have helped the people of the Congo, but more about who would receive punishment for war crimes.“ The Hague-based International Criminal Court has ordered the Democratic Republic of Congo's former Vice President Jean-Pierre Bemba to go on trial on five charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity.”(1) However its hard to pick just one person out of the tens of thousands who have raped, pillaged, and killed hundreds of thousands of people. In fact according to this article there is a dispute about who to blame for a lot of the atrocities, Bemba or former Central African Republic President Ange-Felix Patasse because he had more contact with soldiers. There is a Tribunal going on, trying to prosecute people involved, but it seems like the fighting just wont stop, people continue to be killed, raped, and are still starving to death. According to HRW “ The 3,000 additional peacekeepers authorized by the UN Security Council in November 2008 have still not arrived in eastern Congo”(May19, 2009, ref2)  There seems to be no end in sight for this conflict, which is why the international community should come together and help stop the violence as soon as possible. Instead of focusing on the tribunal, the international community needs to stop this now so that healing can begin in the Congo.
http://www.zmag.org/znet/viewArticle/4309


Recent interventions by the armed U.N. peacekeeping mission in the Congo (MONUC) have concentrated on disarming or eliminating the Forces for the Democratic Liberation of Rwanda (FDLR), a rebel group that opposes Rwanda, and the Allied Democratic Forces (ADF), a rebel group that opposes Uganda.  (Note that the Rwanda military has partnered with its erstwhile "enemies" -the FDLR -when necessary to secure resource plunder while Uganda has its own pattern of complicity with its "rebel" enemies.  Rebel alliances are to perpetually shifting.) The removal of these rebel groups will effectively clear the eastern Congo for large–scale multi-national mining. The Mai-Mai militia, whose stated goal is "to protect Congo from Rwandan and Ugandan invaders," has committed documented human rights abuses, yet they appear to be off the agenda for MONUC.  The Mai-Mai operate in northern Katanga (Shaba) province and in the Kivus. 
Katanga's militias and racketeering are connected to criminal networks of businessmen, including Zimbabwe President Robert Mugabe, Billy Rautenbach, John Bredenkamp, and Marc Rich. U.S. diamond magnate Maurice Tempelsman has profited from Katanga concessions since the Kennedy era.  Lawrence Devlin, the old CIA station chief of Lubumbashi under Eisenhower, maintained Tempelsman's criminal rackets with direct ties to Zaire's former President Mobutu, and was subsequently employed by Tempelsman (16).


The Forrest Group has the longest history of exploitation in the Congo, gaining its first mining concessions before the Congo declared independence from the Belgians. The group, which includes the Ohio-based OM Group, has numerous concessions in Katanga (Shaba).  Chairman George Forrest is the former chairman of the Congo's state-owned mining firm GECAMINES, and owner of the New Lachaussee weapons manufacturing company.


Coltan ore is widely used in the aerospace and electronics industries for capacitors, superconductors and transistors after it is refined to tantalum.  The U.S. is entirely dependant on foreign sources for tantalum, an enabling technology for capacitors essential to aerospace weaponry and every pager, cell phone, computer, VCR, CD player, P.D.A. and TV.  U.S. import records show a dramatic jump of purchases from Rwanda and Uganda during the time they were smuggling tantalum and cobalt out of the Congo.
(1) http://www.voanews.com/english/2009-06-15-voa71.cfm
(2) http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/05/19/dr-congo-hold-army-account-war-crimes

http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/01/11/60minutes/main3701249.shtml
http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/01/11/60minutes/main3701249.shtml
http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/05/19/dr-congo-hold-army-account-war-crimes
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/3828717.stm
http://www.genocideintervention.net/node/1362
http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/1340266.stm
http://www.religioustolerance.org/genocong.htm
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Second_Congo_War


Kris Notaro 
POL SCI
July 16, 2009

Topic:

The Israeli-Palestinian conflict; highlighting the human rights violations as the result of war, politics, religion, US foreign policy and the West Bank barrier ignored and fueled by the US government and others around the world. However, most countries take a stance against the expansion of the “Apartheid Wall” and the bombing of the West Bank and Gaza.

Why I chose this issue:

I chose this topic because I wanted to get updated on this seemingly never ending conflict and because of the recent news of Cynthia McKinney and the humanitarian ship she was on that was seized by the Israel Navy which made international news, though was talked about to a limited extent on U.S. media.  The Palestinian-Israeli conflict also made news earlier this year when Israel attacked “major targets” aimed at stopping Hamas rocket attacks resulting in massive loss of life and infrastructure for the Palestinians.

The problems associated with the Israel and Palestinian conflict:

The West Bank barrier (aka Apartheid Wall) began being built by Israel in June of 2002.  The U.N. has said to tear it down but Israel has ignored the ruling. “Once it is completed the wall will close in 35,000 Palestinians and wall off another 125,000 on three sides.”(1) The barrier runs inside the West Bank and East Jerusalem. Originally it was suppose to run along the Green Line. By doing this, tens of thousands of people in Palestinian villages, towns and cities, are separated from services, their lands and livelihoods. Farmers have been severely restricted from their land and water resources in the closed area between the Barrier and the Green Line along with many innocent Palestinian’s houses being bulldozed over to make way for the creation of the ever expanding wall. Economically Palestinians are doing poorly compared to Israelis.  The GDP (per capita) of Israel is $28,200 (2008 est.) while the Gaza strip is $1,100 (2006 est.) and the West bank is $2,900 (2008 est.)(12)

The ethical dilemmas:

Whenever there are human rights being ignored there is an ethical dilemma. The US is contributing to the deaths of countless Palestinians by supplying Israel with weapons.  President Obama just told Israel to let in humanitarian and reconstruction supplies but yet has done nothing to stop the monetary aid and the supply of weapons.  “The US was by far the largest supplier of weapons to Israel between 2004 and 2008.” (2) Once the US was aware of how these munitions were used to commit war crimes the shipment should have stopped.(2)

What model/theory of ethics in international relations used to address topic:

This paper is primarily influenced by an international humanitarian problem that has been going on for decades and can be analyzed by the author using Idealism and Just War Theory. However if I was actually over there in Israel I would probably be working with the Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions (ICHAD) who I have worked with here in CT before, or International Solidarity Movement (ISM) and other groups who use both diplomacy and non-violent direct action against Israel’s Realism.  Non-violent direct action is compatible and even a part of idealism and pacifism.

Models/theory of ethics in international relations is/has been used by the actors identified in the paper:

Israel is using Realism in the real world when dealing with Palestine.  My perspective is thus opposite of that of Israel. Realism can be said to hold that “ the priority of power in developing and maintaining political order, the primacy of the state in global politics, the anarchic character of international society”(3) Israeli policy concerning the West Bank and Gaza falls under all 4 categories of Realism put forth by Amstutz.  Israel, out of self interest has taken over Palestinian land extending the wall past the green zone and by building settlements on Palestinian land.  They have been known to take areas rich in water, and have fought with the Palestinians over fishing areas in the Mediterranean Sea. Israel unjustly uses the power given to it mainly by the U.S. to attack targets in Gaza and the West Bank that have been cited as “violations of international law” by the U.N. and Amnesty International.  There has been talk of a “two state solution” but no progress has been made, there are also arguments for a “one state solution” but definitely little progress have been made there.  I say little because there are many Israeli and Palestinian people who get along and wish for the conflict to end and see how a one or two state solution can evolve. The Israeli government however continues to act in a very state-centric way towards Palestine.  While Hamas does not recognize Israel as a legitimate state, they have little to no power against attacks by Israel because of the strength of Israel’s Army.  Not all the people of Palestine reject Israel, and not all the Israeli people reject Palestine as legitimate states, but the governments certainly do, and Palestine is at the mercy of Israel.

History and Background:

·     1939-45 World War II Holocaust: leaving six million+ Jews dead (8)

·     Vote in the UN General Assembly in favor of the 1947 UN Partition Plan on 29 November 1947

·     State of Israel was founded in May of 1948

·     Palestinian refugees cram into Gaza strip to make way for Israel

·     1967 Six-Day War: Israel sought expansion of their state, and control over Palestine

·      “December 8, 1987: First intifada (uprising) starts. Palestinians begin general strikes, riots and civil disobedience campaigns across the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Israeli army replies with tear gas, plastic bullets, and live rounds. Sheikh Ahmed Yassin creates Hamas from the Gaza wing of the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood.” (6)

·     September 2000 second intifada begins

·     In Gaza, the Jewish settlers numbered only 8,000 in 2005 compared with 1.4 million local residents. Yet the settlers controlled 25% of the territory, 40% of the arable land and the lion's share of the scarce” but were forced to withdrawal from land.(5)

·     One year later “another 12,000 Israelis settled on the West Bank, further reducing the scope for an independent Palestinian state”(5)

·     Jan 2009 Israel launches Operation Cast Lead against Hamas leaving “more than 1,300 Palestinians killed, Thirteen Israeli deaths more than 4,000 buildings destroyed in Gaza, more than 20,000 severely damaged, 50,800 Gazans homeless and 400,000 without running water”(7)

·     1.5 Million Palestinians live in Gaza, ¾ of Gaza’s people are refugees who were driven out of their homes in 1948 and 1967, along with many other smaller conflicts spanning over 6 decades of violence, war, house demolitions, stolen resources, land, and massive loss of jobs. (11)

What is your issue of importance to the current international system?

The Palestinian-Israeli conflict is one of the most complex political disagreements of our time.  The western world is split on how to deal with this conflict. Countries like France and Spain condemn the support of Israel during times of war citing war crimes many times over.  The United States however supplies Israel with money and weapons, at an astounding rate. $30 billion in military aid to Israel is part of 10-year contract which was signed by the Bush administration.  “It might not be fair, but-because we are Israel's ally and arms supplier-much of the world holds us as responsible as Israel and Hamas for the Gaza tragedy” according to the Israel Policy Forum (10) Aid to Israel is one of the most important reasons, besides occupation of Middle East land, that the Islamic world is angry at the U.S.

Conclusion

Palestinians are being driven out of their homes, killed in “collateral damage”, have to watch their houses being destroyed so that a wall which was declared illegal by the U.N. can be built.  The Israeli-Palestinian conflict started in 1948 resulting in riots and displaced peoples.  In 1967 Israel basically took full control over the West Bank and Gaza Strip.  This conflict is a source for political tension all around the world with disagreements spread across the globe on how to fix it.  The U.N. has done what it can to ease the tension between the two groups, but the U.S. continues to use Israel as a strategic democracy in the Middle East while being the largest supplier of arms which are used against international law, resulting in numerous human rights violations by Israel.  The entire world watches how Israel treats Palestine and many blame the U.S. for supporting it. 

The U.S. should cut all funding to Israel, especially funding which in turn is used to buy massive amounts of weapons back from the U.S.  The U.N. should continue to criticize the wall, and the wall should be torn down in the near future.  A two state solution looks like the most attractive resolve, however in a world which doesn’t need the divide of peoples by borders and the irrationality of Realism, a one state solution would be ideal.  Zionist’s and Hamas believe in polar opposite views when dealing with the situation. Hamas is now in control of Palestine after a democratic vote, but has little say in what Israel does in times of “peace” which isn’t peaceful at all for the Palestinians.

·     There has to be further peace talks. 

·     The U.S. should stop funding Israeli’s army.

·     Hamas should compromise on a two state solution.

·     A one state solution would be ideal.

·     Israel should continue to be condemned for human rights violations by the U.N. and countries like France, England, and Spain, as long as they continue to hold a foreign policy of irrational realism on their neighbors.

·     President Obama’s administration should put aside traditional American foreign policy when dealing with Israel and be tougher on their use of force through bills and diplomacy.

References:

 
(1)
http://palsolidarity.org/2009/07/7615
The International Solidarity Movement (ISM) is a Palestinian-led organization which uses non-violent direct action against the occupation of Palestine. ISM was a prominent organization in the globalization movement.  ISM became well known amongst people in the left when Rachel Corrie, a 24 year old girl from Olympia, WA was killed by an Israeli bulldozer operated by Israel Defense Forces (IDF) while she was acting as a human-shield against the destruction of a Palestinian home.

(2)http://www.amnesty.org/en/news-and-updates/news/us-munitions-delivered-israel-20090402
Amnesty International is very respected human rights group with over 2.2 million members and subscribers. It campaigns all around world against human injustice.

(3)Amstutz, Mark. International Ethics. Lanham: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc., 2008.
International Ethics: Concepts, Theories, and Cases in Global Politics is a book by Mark R. Amstutz.  Amstutz is a Professor of Political Science, at Wheaton College at the Department of Politics and International Relations and focus’s on “the role of ethics in the conduct of foreign relations.”

(4)http://stopthewall.org/FAQs/33.shtml
Is a website dedicated to inform people about the wall being build around Palestine and Israel dubed the apartheid wall by many activists around the world. The website contains pictures and reports about the walls construction, its impact on the lives of Palestinians and actions against it.

(5)http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jan/07/gaza-israel-palestine
The Guardian is a well known news paper from England which was started in 1821 and is known for truthful and in-depth coverage. 

(6)http://english.aljazeera.net/focus/arabunity/2008/02/20085251908164329.html
Al Jazeera is a moderate news station of the Middle East.  It became well known to the public of the United States after 9/11.  CNN and other news organizations will sometimes use footage from Al Jazeera.

(7)http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/7838618.stm
BBC News is a news corporation stationed in England.  News coming  from the BBC seems to not be biased like news stations we have in the United States.  It can be compared to CNN.

(8)http://www.zmag.org/znet/viewArticle/14600
Z Communications is a media group founded in 1986 by Michael Albert and Lydia Sargent. Its publications include Z Magazine, ZNet, Z Media, and Z Video, most of its content is leftist-liberal in nature.

(9)http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jerusalem_Riots_of_1947
“Wikipedia is [a website] written collaboratively by volunteers from all around the world. Anyone with internet access can make changes to Wikipedia articles. Since its creation in 2001, Wikipedia has grown rapidly into one of the largest reference web sites, attracting around 65 million visitors monthly as of 2009.”

(10)http://www.israelpolicyforum.org/commentary/israel-palestine-obama-holds-all-cards
Israel Policy Forum is a U.S. led organization that believes the conflict between Israel and Palestine cannot be cured without the U.S. helping in diplomatic issues and policies.  IPF is for a two state solution to the conflict and works towards goals to this end.

(11)http://www.ijsn.net/263/
The International Jewish Anti-Zionist Network is a anti-Zionist Jewish organization dedicated to bringing about peace to Israel and Palestine.  They have members world wide who support the use of non-violent direct action to get their message across.

(12)https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/GZ.html
The American Central Intelligence Agency World Factbook is an online information site which contains information about 266 world states and regions.

(13)http://www.icahd.org/eng/
The Israeli Committee Against House Demolitions is a Israeli run group which uses non-violent direct action against house demolitions similar to ISM.  ICAHD is dedicated to the education about what is really going on between Israel and Palestine.  The founder of ICAHD, Jeff Halper routinely gets arrested when he chains himself to Palestinian houses before they are about to be demolished by the IDF.  He invites people from all around the world to participate in these important actions.


Jan 2007 - I could be in any of those cars, trucks, in any of those houses.  I could be right there in that house, traveling on those roads, talking to those people, I could be doing the 9-5 thing right now, down there.  The U.S., Wisconsin, of all places… Looking down on our world it looks like we are ants running about in this small reality on earth.  Its not really the concept, or even the story, 25,000 feet what the U.S. looks like, what WE look like, what we have created, it’s the wonder of the story , and the it’s the feeling of the story, the ambiguity of it all, the crazyness of it all in a undefined reality.  Its that feeling of “what the fuck am I doing.”  Why the fuck do I care about all this and who the fuck are we? I could be on that road right there, right now, having the Kerouac experience, the modern hobo experience, talking, learning , drinking, exploring the ground level festivities of the universe of other’s mind’s.  Its like the cars, people, the houses, buildings are like an ambiguous museum of what it is like to live on this planet in 2007. Id rather be right here drunk on the subjective awareness of modern science, being on an airplane, these things, planes, just invented a few years ago in the scheme of things, able to fly over the clouds, allowing us to gaze down, pondering about our “civilization.”  Technology to see the world in its next “existential horizon” in this context, or “pragmatic truth” is the WHAT we crave. Science and all its possibilities is what I want to be, is what I am at this moment.  Look at what im doing right now, 25 thousand feet above the earth, above all that shit, looking down and seeing the vastness, the simpleness, that 25 thousand feet allows you to see.  It never gets old for me, the anthropology of humans and the awe of existence.  When matter becomes imagination, the structures of a confused civilization.


July 12, 09
"Just some badly written crazy ideas"
In Response to a facebook comment about my position on the singularity, futurism, politics, and poverty.

It took me forever, politically, to finally adopt anarcho-syndicalism, libertarian-socialism, and then finally mixed into that, technoprogressivism. I am not one for groupthink, but I search for the most rational thinking this world has to offer, and I am finding it in anarchism, technoprogressivism, socialism, and .... transhumanism/posthumanism. For me, these are the most rational ways of looking at the world politically and scientifically. I am also very interested in philosophy of mind, consciousness studies and neuroscience. I don’t think that I am being very irrational in my search for answers, and ways to make this world a better place. I am very anti-elitist, and I believe that it’s important to emphasize an egalitarian society, etc, into talk about the singularity and the future of technology.

The G20 Summit in Pittsburgh will be coming up later this month. I believe, as I did when I was 20, that we need to shut down meetings of this sort to help start a movement in America and to send the world a message that Americans care about workers rights, worldwide and in our own country. I do think we should aim at shutting down the G20 meetings instead of just protesting them, instead of marching in a circle. Time goes by very fast with little action! Sci-Fi like technology like the idea of flying through a wormhole, or moving to Mars (techno-nerdish futurism) can remain a sort of fantasy for now, but if people think that the technology to do such things should be created on the backs of literally billions of workers, then such things shouldn't exist as fast as they want them to, its not Ancient Egypt or Rome, or Nazi Germany here, but it is neo-liberal fascist globalization which is the problem today! Computer-Brain-interfaces shouldn't be made on the backs of African children, and workers worldwide under a sick capitalist system, etc,etc! Realistically however, if you look at the system and the resistance to such a system today these atrocities will be exactly the way such technology is produced and used. Technoprogressivism stresses that we need an egalitarian society with the aid of current and future technologies - that’s why I support the Institute for Ethics and Emerging Technologies and other like minded think tanks and scientists who actually think about such things, think about how their ideas, policies, inventions, technologies affect not just the current G8 nations, but the entire world!

We need to shut down meetings that contribute on a mass scale to the enforcement of neoliberal destructive globalization, like the IMF, World Bank, WTO, G8, and G20 by using good old fashioned American non-violent direct action. I think that a lot of Anarcho-Primitivists are apocalyptic and (in agreeing with Chomsky) that many Socialists are opportunistic revolutionaries, meaning that these groups agree that for a revolution to take place we need a disaster of either the environment collapsing and killing us all (Anarcho-Primitivists) or Capitalism collapsing hence the opportunity for a vanguard to “guide” the people out of capitalism to a socialist worldwide revolution-utopia – bullshit I say, it’s the same way of thinking that the Project for the New American Century had, and they got their disaster – 9/11, and they got what they wanted from this opportunist thinking – the Afghan War, and the Iraq War to name a few American imperialistic actions taken over the last 8 years. I just think that we don’t need disasters for revolutionary thinking to happen in the minds of millions, if not billions. But at the same time, from over viewing the current state capitalism, revolutionary thinking, science and technology, it looks to me like transhumanism will become the first reality perhaps before old ways of thinking as stated above. But if we can mix transhumanism with modern leftist rationalism we have another recipe for revolution and liberation of brain/mind! We can start with replacing institutions like the WTO, IMF, World Bank, G8, G20, Etc by continuing the global uprising known as the globalization movement, and at the same time we should consider the benefits that transhumanism has to offer a movement of this kind. Cell phones, PDA’s, computers, and the internet will aid in our desire to create an egalitarian society in ways we can only imagine, but we should start to imagine how technologies that are even more capable of spreading news, forming a world wide solidarity network, and providing information to brain/minds around the world in seconds so that a Anarcho-Syndicalist, Libertarian Socialist world can become a reality.

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